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Poverty Alleviation In India Essay

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Explosion of population indirectly has put a great strain on India's economy and, in turn, hit all programmes of alleviating poverty. The increased population ...

Poverty Alleviation In India Essay

Since then eleven plans have been formulated and implemented. Moreover, providing skills to rural youth belonging to families below poverty line and also to enable them to take up self or wage employment, the training of rural youth for self employment (trysem) was introduced in august 1979. After a thorough examination, the study group set up by the planning commission in july 1962 recommended a standard of private consumption expenditure of rs 20 (at 1960-61 prices) per capita per month as the bare minimum amount common to both rural and urban areas.

The sharp decline in poverty of over 10 percentage points was witnessed in himachal pradesh, madhya pradesh, maharashtra, orissa, sikkim, tamil nadu, karnataka and uttarakhand. These estimates of poverty made by the planning commission are based on methodology recommended by the tendulkar committee, which includes spending on health and education, besides calorie intake. Taking the annual per capita minimum expenditure of? 240 as the minimum standard (on the basis on nss data), he found that the proportion of people below the poverty line declined from 64 per cent in 1956-57 to 50.

Thus it has been estimated that the poverty lines at all india level as an mpce of rs 673 for rural areas and rs 860 for urban areas in 2009-10. Success of poverty alleviation programmes not only depends on launching of wage employment and self-employment programmes but it also depends on the improvement of land relations in favour of the cultivators and redistribution of income in favour of the rural poor. But as per tendulkar methodology, the same poverty ratio declined from 45.

It is observed that the poverty ratio both at the rural and urban level in different states has declined considerably but still a high degree of poverty differentials still exist between backward and relatively developed states of the country leading to mounting regional disparities. In order to have a two point comparison of changes in head count ratio, the expert group has again re-estimated poverty ratio for 1993-94. Which taking advantage of superior administrative efficiency of private institutions, the larger public goals should not be sacrificed.

For the last forty-five years, indian politicians have been holding the expectation and promise of poverty removal believing in the theory of the most of them were of the opinion that the benefits of a high and sustained growth of the economy will eventually take care of bulk of the poor population of the country. The poverty reduction target set by the planning commission for the tenth five year plan aimed at achieving a poverty ratio of 19. It also relied exclusively on the national sample survey (nss) data on consumption expenditure to assess the incidence of poverty without adjusting the nss consumption that is obtained from macro-aggregates of the national accounts.

This concept of relative poverty can also be extended to other countries to get a comparative estimate of poverty in a relative manner. To achieve the socialistic pattern of society, one of the objectives of economic policy, the government adopted the policy of nationalization. The report further observed, this would be a tremendous achievement for a country which is home to the largest concentration of poor in the world. . The annual averages rate of decline during the period 2004-05 to 2009-10 is twice the rate of decline during the period 1993-94 to 2004-05.


Essay on Poverty in India - Economics Discussion


Incidence 4. Recent Poverty Debate in India 5. Poverty Differential among Different States in India 6. Poverty Alleviation Programmes 7. Economic Reforms and ...

Poverty Alleviation In India Essay

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Poverty Alleviation In India Essay These involved active participation of the people in the design and implementation of rural development schemes. On the basis of the quinquennial large sample surveys on household consumer expenditure conducted by the national sample survey organisation (nsso), incidence of poverty is estimated by the planning commission for the year 2004-05. One set of experts are alleging that the reforms have accentuated destitution and widened disparities and others are maintaining that such negative situations, if any, are purely coincidental and having little correlation with the new policy measures. Poverty Differential among Different States in India 6. It is also revealed from the report that the poverty has increased in north-eastern states of assam, meghalaya, manipur, mizoram, and nagaland. This sort of controversy was sparked off when a recent study of economic reforms and their impact on the poor people revealed that rural poverty in india rose sharply in recent years.
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    In order to provide wage employment to the rural poor, the national rural employment programme (nrep) and the rural landless employment guarantee programme (rlegp) were introduced during the sixth plan. This programme too has now been merged along with nrep into the jry. In india, broadly accepted definition of poverty emphasises more on minimum level of living rather than on reasonable level of living. However, the poverty line is fixed extraneously and, therefore, remains fixed for a certain period. Force on projections of minimum needs and effective consumption demand offered an alternative definition of poverty which has been adopted by the planning commission in recent years.

    The first five-year plan was launched in april 1951. Thus in order to remove poverty steps must also be taken in the following directions (i) to impose ceiling on land and redistribution of ceilingsurplus land among the landless, small and marginal farmers. Thus relative poverty looks at the angle of inequality. The level of investment per family at the end of march 1993 was rs 7,141. Conventional fiscal measures for redistribution of income cannot by themselves make a significant impact on the problem.

    Tendulkar revised the national poverty line at 2004-05 prices and accordingly the monthly per capita consumption expenditure of rs 446. As per this projection, it is found that if macro-economic and sectoral projections for the tenth plan (2002-07) are achieved, the poverty ratio in india should fall to 19. This programme involves an expenditure of rs 867 crore in full year. Moreover, the annual reduction in poverty ratio during the period 1975-95 was 0. Bardhan and ahluwalia made their study on the basis of their own definition of poverty. One of these pertains to the reduction in poverty ratio by five percentage points by 2007 by 15 percentage points by 2012. This scheme was aimed to provide supplemental employment to the poor on public works. Although the economic reform measures cannot be said to be solely responsible for such event but there are sufficient reasons to believe that strong linkages exist between the availability of food grains, pds off take, food grains prices and poverty ratio. Together with the overall economic growth, the anti-poverty and employment generation programmes have helped in reducing the incidence of poverty over the long run. In numerical terms, the number of persons living below the poverty line in india increased from 321 million in 1973-74 to 329 million in 1977-78 and then gradually declined to 307 million in 1987-88 and then again increased to 320 million in 1993-94 and then to 260 million in 1999-2000.

    Article shared by. Free sample essay on Eradication of Poverty in India. India evokes many images but an image that is hard to dispel is that of a seething ...

    Essay on Poverty in India: Causes, Effects and Solutions ...

    29 Jan 2014 ... Also read: Short essay on Poverty in Indian Villages ... We all should do everything possible and within our limits to help alleviate poverty from ...
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    While fixing the poverty line, consumption of food is considered as the most important criteria but along with it some nonfood items such as clothing, and shelter are also included. Using inverse interpretation method, one can find amount of consumption expenditure at which the minimum calorie requirement is met. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about economics. Poverty is considered as the greatest challenge faced by the societies in the third world countries. Even today, the large majority of holdings in the country are below such a size, which is largely the cause of the poverty and underemployment in rural areas.

    Thus, to achieve success in the poverty eradication programmes along with the economic reforms introduced in the country, alternative strategies for empowering the people to help themselves are to be designed Buy now Poverty Alleviation In India Essay

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    Since then eleven plans have been formulated and implemented. Although the poverty alleviation programmes have four major objectives, i. This scheme was expected to benefit 46 lakh women each year. After independence governments (central and state both) have launched many schemes and programmes for the overall development of the country. About 30 per cent of the jobs under this scheme are reserved for women.

    It is observed that as per lakdawala methodology, the poverty ratio in general in india declined from 36. Moreover, the undp estimates of poverty also revealed that the percentage of population lying below the poverty line was 40 per cent in 1992. By 1999-2000, while tamil nadu and west bengal had reduced their poverty ratio by nearly half, orissa and bihar continued to be the two poorest states with poverty ratios of 47 and 43 per cent respectively Poverty Alleviation In India Essay Buy now

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    Under pmry, total employment generated in 1993-94 was 0. For example, the one-dollar consumption expenditure per capita in ppp dollars is the absolute poverty line accepted internationally. Thus the planning commission estimate of poverty on the basis of the nsso 1999-2000 data is the latest official estimates of poverty and non official estimates on poverty are available beyond this data. The head count poverty ratio for 1993--05 as released earlier by the planning commission on the basis of lakdawala methodology and also by using by the tendulkar methodology are shown in table 12. Again in 1999-2000, the same consumption expenditure per capita per month determined on the basis of nsso data revised to rs 211 Buy Poverty Alleviation In India Essay at a discount

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    Thus the findings of the study made by minhas, dandekar and rath, bardhan and others revealed that most of the people living below the poverty line belonging to landless agricultural labour households with small holdings, land-less non-agricultural rural labour households and small land operators with les than 1 hectare of land holdings. First and foremost, it is sought to make the whole growth process more labour-intensive. This is an amalgamation of two previous employment schemesnrep and rlegp. But, on the other hand, serious debate continued on the incidence of poverty after the release of official estimates of poverty by the planning commission for 1999-2000. Relative poverty, on the other hand, considers over all distribution of income and the relative position of a household within that distribution pattern Buy Online Poverty Alleviation In India Essay

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    Antyodaya means development (udaya) of the people who is at the bottom level (ant) of the ladder. In consonance with her slogan of garibi hatao (1971), indira gandhi, the then prime minister, launched 20-point programme of development. The planning commission estimates the incidence of poverty in rural and urban areas of the country using the quinquennial survey data on household consumption expenditure released by the national sample survey organisation (nsso), coupled with the poverty lines as set out in the report of the task force on projection of minimum needs and effective consumption demand, constituted by the planning commission in 1979. Later on the planning commission revised per capita monthly expenditure for drawing poverty line at rs 115 Buy Poverty Alleviation In India Essay Online at a discount

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    Thus the approach paper of the fifth plan rightly observed that employment is the surest way to enable the vast numbers, living below the poverty level, to rise above it. Providing the basic amenities in rural areas such as roads, drinking water, schools, medical help, credit supply (banks) and marketing facilities and so on is must. In this essay we will discuss about poverty in india. Accordingly, the average caloric requirements for rural and urban person are fixed at 2,400 and 2,100 calories respectively. The above estimate of poverty ratio was prepared by an expert group under the chairmanship of professor suresh d.

    This scheme was aimed to provide supplemental employment to the poor on public works Poverty Alleviation In India Essay For Sale

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    Conventional fiscal measures for redistribution of income cannot by themselves make a significant impact on the problem. Providing a pension of rs 75 per month to destitute and to person above 65 years of age living below the poverty line. The poverty projections further show that 90 per cent of the poor will be concentrated in eight states, such as bihar, madhya pradesh, orissa, uttar pradesh, west bengal, assam, maharashtra and rajasthan. Besides orissa, the only other state with over 40 per cent bpl population is bihar, in which 42. This situation underscores the need for rapid growth of output and employment coupled with strengthening of the special programmes of poverty alleviation and employment generation For Sale Poverty Alleviation In India Essay

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    In order to implement these measures effectively, it will require a strong political will on the part of the government and active participation of the people with growing consciousness about their rights and responsibilities. Which taking advantage of superior administrative efficiency of private institutions, the larger public goals should not be sacrificed. However, the poverty line is fixed extraneously and, therefore, remains fixed for a certain period. Haryana, himachal pradesh, goa, gujarat, punjab and delhi should make the poverty levels negligible in these states. On the flip side, it has been observed that a second dose of assistance given to beneficiaries was very low.

    The planning commission estimates the incidence of poverty in rural and urban areas of the country using the quinquennial survey data on household consumption expenditure released by the national sample survey organisation (nsso), coupled with the poverty lines as set out in the report of the task force on projection of minimum needs and effective consumption demand, constituted by the planning commission in 1979 Sale Poverty Alleviation In India Essay

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